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FIR registered after Bihar Fodder Scam files go missing

On 8 June, the Bihar Animal Husbandry Department declared that several files related to the fodder scam of over Rs 900 crore have gone missing. An FIR has been filed at the Patna Sachiwalya police station for the missing files.

A blame-game ensued, as the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) lashed out at Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, holding him responsible for the missing files. "Nitish Kumar should tell how and why is he protecting Lalu Prasad. The files have gone missing and that is affecting the future of Bihar," BJP Bankipur MLA Nitin Naveen was quoted to have said in a News18 report.

Former Bihar Chief Minister and Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) supremo Lalu Prasad Yadav had been convicted and sentenced to imprisonment after his involvement in the fodder scam cases. Following his conviction, he has also been barred from contesting in elections.

Dadri beef issue: State govt will wait and watch

Undecided about what policy to adopt as the Dadri beef issue simmers, the Samajwadi Party-led Uttar Pradesh government will watch what develops over the next few days before taking action.

Residents of Bisara village are agitating for an FIR against the family of Mohammed Akhlaq, whom they had lynched in September 2015 after finding what they believed was beef outside his home. Bisara residents, including those who had participated in the murder of Akhlaq, have given the state government a 20-day ultimatum, according to The Indian Express: register an FIR against Akhlaq's family on charges of cow slaughter, or face massive protests.

Monsoons have reached Kerala, Lakshadweep: IMD

On 8 June, K Santosh, the head of India Meteorological Department's regional centre in Thiruvananthapuram, announced that the southwest monsoons have hit Kerala and Lakshadweep. The onset of heavy rains has, however, claimed the life of a 36-year-old man, following a landslide in Kerala's Idukki district.

Several parts of the state have been receiving heavy rains since Tuesday night. The IMD had earlier said that monsoon was likely to hit Kerala on 9 June.

Thiruvananthapuram district authorities are taking precautionary steps like restricting flow of tourists to hill stations like Ponmudi in view of heavy rains.

People are also being advised to avoid travelling during the night on hilly roads.

Sadhvi Prachi says Parivar is 'working on making India Muslim-free'

VHP leader Sadhvi Prachi said on Tuesday that the time has come to make India free of Muslims.

Speaking at Roorkee where, last week, 32 people were injured in clashes between two communities after a scrap dealer's shop was forcibly closed, Prachi said: "Now that we have achieved the mission of making a Congress-free India, it is time to make India Muslim-free. We are working on that."

Prachi backed Yogi Adityananth as the BJP's chief ministerial candidate for the Uttar Pradesh polls next year, saying that he would help the party win 300 seats in the state, says The Indian Express.

Ancient DNA tells of two origins for dogs

Genetic analyses of a 4,800-year-old Irish dog and 59 other ancient dogs suggest that canines and humans became pals in both Europe and East Asia long before the advent of farming, says a report in sciencenews.org.

Later, dogs from East Asia accompanied their human companions to Europe, where their genetic legacy trumped that of dogs already living there.

Therefore, dogs were domesticated at least twice. That muddled genetic legacy may help explain why previous studies have indicated that dogs were domesticated from wolves only once, although evidence hasn't been clear about whether this took place in East Asia, Central Asia or Europe.

The idea that dogs came from East Asia or Central Asia is mostly based on analysis of DNA from modern dogs, while claims for European origins have been staked on studies of prehistoric pups' genetics.

A 4,800-year-old dog found in a tomb in Newgrange, Ireland, is the first ancient dog to have its entire genetic instruction book, or genome, deciphered. Researchers don't know much about what the midsize dog looked like; it doesn't bear any genetic markers of particular modern dog breeds, Frantz says. "He wasn't black. He wasn't spotted. He wasn't white." Instead, the Newgrange dog was probably a mongrel with fur similar to a wolf's.

Snails Use Just Two Brain Cells To Make Decisions

Scientists have discovered that snails solve complex decisions using just two brain cells, in a discovery that could help engineers develop energy efficient robots. By attaching electrodes to the brain circuitry of freshwater snails that were on the hunt for food, researchers learned the molluscs used only two neurons when they found a tasty lettuce, a report in Sky News said. Scientists discovered that snails used controller and motivator neurons to feed back information to each other to decide whether or not to eat. The research could help engineers design the 'brains' of robots. The first brain cell let it know it had discovered food and the second cell decided whether it was hungry. But if no food was in front of the snail this part of its brain circuitry shut down, saving energy.

Child sex abuse whistleblower resigns from UN

Due to changing climate, Arctic regions of North America are getting greener, with almost a third of the land cover looking more like landscapes found in warmer ecosystems, according to a new NASA study.

With 87,000 images taken from Landsat satellites, converted into data that reflects the amount of healthy vegetation on the ground, the researchers found that western Alaska, Quebec and other regions became greener between 1984 and 2012.

Scientists have observed grassy tundras changing to shrublands, and shrubs growing bigger and denser - changes that could have impacts on regional water, energy and carbon cycles.

Westerners lack education on nuclear disaster risks

Western societies would not respond well to a Fukushima-style nuclear disaster due to a lack of public information, a leading disaster expert has warned. Christopher Abbott told the Guardian he firmly believed that the public ought to be better educated over the hazards and risks they may face. Illustrating his point, he referred to the Fukushima disaster of 2011 in which 160,000 people were evacuated from the vicinity of the plant as experts attempted to tackle the emergency. The evacuation worked, said Abbott, because "the Japanese educate the public". "I just don't see that it would have worked as successfully in western society," he added. "[It's] a very personal opinion but one that is backed up by Japanese colleagues." Abbott, chairman of the Emergency Planning Society CBRN professional working group, made the remarks while giving evidence to a science and technology select committee hearing at the House of Commons on chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear incidents. "We need to better educate the public, because a well-educated public will respond better," he said.