In a new research, a group of researchers has investigated how educational status relates to HIV risk in this population.
Study's lead-author, Robin C. Stevens, PhD, MPH, Assistant Professor of Nursing and Director of the Health Equity & Media Lab, said, "We found that study participants were more apt to engage in transactional sex, the exchange of sex for drugs or money, if they did not complete high school and if their neighbors did not complete high school."
Transactional sex is an HIV risk behavior directly linked to the informal economic sector, sometimes termed "the street economy."
It is plausible that in undereducated neighborhoods, more residents participate in informal or street economies, as the more formal sectors of employment are inaccessible without a high school diploma.
By investigating the role of lived poverty at both the individual and neighborhood level in transactional sex behavior among African-American MSM, the researchers pinpointed a significant association between educational attainment and HIV risk behavior.
"This data provides potential leverage points for both community-level interventions and advocacy for this population, particularly related to transactional sex and education, and will aid HIV prevention efforts that seek to address the contextual constraints on individual risk behavior," noted Stevens.
The story was published in journal Urban Health.