Indian batsmen capitulated meekly against both pace and spin to be shot out for 215, before hitting back at South Africa with two early scalps on day one of the third and penultimate Test in Nagpur on 25 November.
The home team, leading 1-0 in the rubber, once again fell back on their spin force to dismiss opener Stiaan van Zyl for a duck and Imran Tahir (4), who came in as a nightwatchman, before the visitors ended the day at 11 for two, after 9 overs at the VCA ground at Jamtha.
Openers Dean Elgar (7) and captain Hashim Amla (0) were at the crease to face Indian spinners Ravichandran Ashwin and Ravindra Jadeja, who tasted early blood by plucking a wicket apiece to threaten mayhem on a spinning track tomorrow.
Earlier, on a pitch that offered plenty of turn to the spinners and reverse swing to fast bowler Morne Morkel, the home team batsmen came a cropper after opting to bat first and were gasping at 125 for 6 before the tail wagged and took the total past the 200-mark.
This is the third time that India have been dismissed in the vicinity of 200 in the series, having fallen for 201 and 200 in the opening Test they won at Mohali to take a 1-0 lead.
Opener Murali Vijay top scored with an innings of 40, while wicketkeeper batsman Wriddhiman Saha (32) and Ravindra Jadeja (34) revived the tottering innings briefly.
Cheteshwar Pujara (21) and skipper Virat Kohli (22) got decent starts only to throw them away.
For South Africa the early damage was done by lanky pacer Morkel, who grabbed a superb 3 for 35 in three spells before limping off the field after bowling the first ball of his fourth. His wicket-taking spells, the second and third, read 4-2-8-1 and 4-2-8-2.
Off-spinner Simon Harmer, dropped from the team in the drawn Bengaluru Test after playing in the series opener at Mohali, supported him with a fine haul of 4 for 78, by getting good purchase off the turning track.
Young fast bowler Kagiso Rabada and spinners Elgar and Tahir accounted for the other wickets.
There were only two significant partnerships in the Indian innings, 50 between openers Vijay and Dhawan and 48 between Saha and Jadeja.
The batsmen dismissed, mostly to poor shots, were Pujara (21), skipper Virat Kohli (22), Ajinkya Rahane (13) and Rohit Sharma, who did not play in the first two Tests.
In the space of 15 overs after lunch India lost four wickets for the addition of only 31 runs after being 95 for two, Morkel and Harmer doing the damage.
Pujara was taken out by off spinner Simon Harmer who trapped him leg before and later got rid of a struggling Rohit Sharama (2) as India slumped to 125 for 6 from 50 for no loss in 32.2 overs, on either side of lunch and then made a recovery of sorts.
Wicketkeeper Saha (32) and Jadeja (34) then repaired the damage with a stand of 48 in 106 balls.
Jadeja played attacking shots against the spinners, before he threw away his wicket by trying a wild heave off Rabada after a brisk 73-minute knock that contained 6 fours.
But South Africa suffered a major blow when their main pace bowler in the game, Morkel, limped off the field after bowling the first ball of his fourth spell.
India's last four wickets added 90 runs to pull them out of a deep hole.
When South Africa replied, Ravichandran Ashwin again opened the bowling and sent back left hander van Zyl with a sharply turning ball that caught the edge and was pouched by slip fielder Ajinkya Rahane.
Tahir, who narrowly escaped a stumping appeal off Ashwin, was then bowled comprehensively by Jadeja as he played back to a ball that straightened after pitching and hit the off stump.