Thai Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha, who is currently on a three-day visit to India, called on his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi at the Hyderabad House here on Friday.
Both leaders led delegation-level talks after the meeting.
"Together with Thailand. PM @narendramodi receives Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-Cha at Hyderabad House for talks," Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) official spokesperson Vikas Swarup tweeted.
"Enhancing a wide ranging partnership. The two Prime Ministers lead the #IndiaThailand delegation level talks," Swarup said in another tweet.
Boosting maritime ties and enhancing cooperation on combating militancy are likely to feature prominently during the talks.
The discussions on education, science and technology and people-to-people contacts are also expected to figure during the bilateral engagements.
The Thai Prime Minister earlier met External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj after being accorded a ceremonial welcome at Rashtrapati Bhawan.
"A Rashtrapati Bhvn recep'n for the visiting dignitary. Thai PM Prayut Chan-o-cha is welcomed by PM @narendramodi," Swarup tweeted.
Accompanied by his deputy, five senior ministers and a 46-member business delegation, the Thai Prime Minister arrived in New Delhi o 16 June, for a three-day visit aimed at reviewing bilateral relations.
The Thai Prime Minister, who was received by Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju on his arrival, is visiting the country on the invitation of Prime Minister Modi.
PM Prayuth will also address events organised by the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).
The Thai Prime Minister will also visit Bodh Gaya, a prime Buddhist pilgrimage, before heading back home on Saturday.
This is PM Prayuth's first visit to India. Former Thai prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra had visited India in January 2012 when she was invited as chief guest for India's Republic Day celebrations.