NCRB Data : India's cyber crime menace: 20% spike in 1 year, 2000% in a decade
The National Crime Records Bureau released its annual flagship product Crime In India 2015 on Tuesday. Ther report has revealed an extremely worrying trend that cyber crimes are increasing rapidly in India.
In 2015, 11,592 cases of cyber crime were registered in India, up by 20% from 9,622 cases registered in 2014. A decade back, this number was 481. This over 2000% increase exposes the gravity of the cyber crime threat in the country.
NCRB data also shows that the highest number of cyber crimes in Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
This could be mainly because of the strong presence of Information Technology (IT) and IT enabled units in these states.
For instance, Noida, a known IT destination, is presently considered a hub of cyber attacks in India.
The enormity of the problem - India lost over $28 billion in a one year period, according to a report by Norton.
Significantly, the number of people arrested due to cyber crimes also increased from 5,752 in 2014 to 8,121 in 2015, an increase of 41%.
According to NCRB's analysis, the most common cyber crimes are those motivated by greed and financial gain. The next in line are cyber crimes that involve sexual exploitation and insult to the modesty of women.
In most cases, the perpetrators are neighbours, friends or relatives. In addition to the rise in cyber crimes, the NCRB report revealed some interesting trends.
- Total number of rape cases registered in 2015.
- In 2014, 36,735 rape cases were registered, which means that reporting of rape cases went down in 2015.
- A decade back, only 18,359 rape cases were registered, which is half of the number of cases in 2015.
- However, almost no change has been observed in the number of murders committed. In 2015, 32,127 murders were committed as opposed to 32,719 in 2005.
- The highest increase has been observed in kidnapping and abduction, from 22,832 in 2005 to 82,999 in 2015. Delhi and Assam leads all the states in kidnapping and abduction.
- Total crime cases against children reported in 2015.
- Maharashtra leads all states with the highest share of crime against children.
- Crimes against children have increased by 5.3% from 89,423 in 2014 to 94,172 in 2015.
- Not surprisingly, 44.5% of the crimes against children were kidnapping and abduction.
- Share by which cases of human trafficking increased in 2015.
- 6,877 cases were registered in 2015 as against 5,466 in 2014.
- Assam accounts for 21.7% of the trafficking cases, followed by West Bengal (18.2%) and Tamil Nadu (8.4%).
- Share by which crimes against Scheduled Castes (SC) decreased, from 47,064 in 2014 to 45,003 in 2015.
- Uttar Pradesh (18.6%), Rajasthan (15.6%) and Bihar (14.3%) leads all the states in caste crimes.
- Positively, crimes against Scheduled Tribes (ST) also decreased by 4.7% from 11,451 in 2014 to 10,914 in 2015.