According to the Minster of Human Resource and Development, Smriti Irani, India has as many as 22 'fake' universities.
Of these 22, nine are in Uttar Pradesh, five in Delhi, two in West Bengal and one each in Bihar, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Odisha.
"As per information available with the UGC, there are 22 universities (in the country) which have been listed in the UGC list of fake universities and are functioning in contravention or violation of the UGC Act, 1956, in different parts of the country," Irani told the Rajya Sabha on Thursday, 5 May.
Rajya Sabha was informed that states have been asked to initiate action against the 22 universities.
State-wise list of fake universities in India as on 15 March, 2016, by UGC
Maithili University/Vishwavidyalaya, Darbhanga, Bihar.
Commercial University Ltd., Daryaganj, Delhi.
United Nations University, Delhi.
Vocational University, Delhi.
ADR-Centric Juridical University, ADR House, 8J, Gopala Tower, 25 Rajendra Place, New Delhi - 110 008.
Indian Institute of Science and Engineering, New Delhi.
- Badaganvi Sarkar World Open University Education Society, Gokak, Belgaum, Karnataka.
St. John's University, Kishanattam, Kerala.
Raja Arabic University, Nagpur, Maharashtra.
D.D.B. Sanskrit University, Putur, Trichi, Tamil Nadu.
Indian Institute of Alternative Medicine, Kolkatta.
Institute of Alternative Medicine and Research,8-A, Diamond Harbour Road, Builtech inn, 2nd Floor, Thakurpurkur, Kolkatta - 700063
Varanaseya Sanskrit Vishwavidyalaya, Varanasi (UP) Jagatpuri, Delhi.
Mahila Gram Vidyapith/Vishwavidyalaya, (Women's University) Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.
Gandhi Hindi Vidyapith, Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh.
National University of Electro Complex Homeopathy, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose University (Open University), Achaltal, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh Vishwavidyalaya, Kosi Kalan, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh.
Maharana Pratap Shiksha Niketan Vishwavidyalaya, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh.
Indraprastha Shiksha Parishad, Institutional Area,Khoda,Makanpur,Noida Phase-II, Uttar Pradesh.
Gurukul Vishwavidyala, Vridanvan, Uttar Pradesh.
Nababharat Shiksha Parishad, Anupoorna Bhawan, Plot No. 242, Pani Tanki Road,Shaktinagar, Rourkela-769014.
The MHRD is also in the process of writing to the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) to seek a list of all fake universities and institutions abroad so that students are not misled.
The Centre has started a portal "KnowYourCollege" and a mobileApp providing details about universities and colleges.
"It is an endeavour to persistently act on injustices meted out to our students through such fake institutions through protection given by the regulator," she said, asking members to share information on fake institutions with UGC.