The Reserve Bank on 3 January directed banks to distribute at least 40% of currency notes in rural areas.
The 50-day exercise ended on 30 December, but the cash supply situation is yet to ease in certain pockets. As a result, the government has not lifted the withdrawal ceiling of Rs 24,000 per week.
On observing that the number of bank notes being supplied to rural areas is not commensurate with local requirements, some steps have already been initiated, the RBI said in a notification.
With a view to ensure that at least 40% bank notes are supplied to rural areas and mitigate the issue in a more enduring manner, the banks maintaining currency chests are advised various steps, including liberal issuance of the existing stock of other denomination notes below Rs 100.
"Banks should advise their currency chests to step up issuance of fresh notes to rural branches of regional rural banks (RRBs), district central cooperative banks (DCCBs) and commercial banks, white label ATMs and post offices in rural areas on a priority basis which are considered as main rural channels of distribution," the RBI notification said.
The directive came just a couple of days after Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his address to the nation on the eve of the new year exhorted banks to make efforts to restore normalcy as fast as possible and focus on rural areas.
"I have asked all officers concerned in the government to focus their attention on this task. They have especially been told to proactively resolve the problems in rural and remote areas," PM Modi had said.
According to the statement, banks should follow need-based approach for supply of currency as rural requirements could vary from district to district, depending on variations in the rural and urban mix of each district.
Each district has different CASA deposits shares and deposit accounts. RBI has already mapped each district of every state and also made estimates of the requirement. Accordingly, all chests operating in a district must issue bank notes to distribution channels in the indicated proportion, it said.
"The indicated proportion may be maintained on a weekly average basis at each chest level as it may be difficult to stick to the proportion on daily basis," it added.