NCRB data shows that in 2016, India is still no country for women
India's latest 2015 National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) just released some spine chilling data on crimes against women in India. From rapes, incest, sexual assaults and more violent crimes to abductions and trafficking of women, the report only assures you that India is as unsafe as ever for the Bharatiya bacchi, ladki andnaari across all age groups.
A snapshot sent by the NCRB brags of decline in crimes against women in the one year that the Modi Sarkar stormed into power. But a decrease of 3.1% in crimes is very very marginal given a country like India where 90% of sexual assaults are known to go unrecorded.
The horror figures
Uttar Pradesh tops the charts, as the most unsafe place to be a woman, being home to 10.9% of India's total crimes against women.
West Bengal comes a close second with 10.1% and with Maharashtra and Rajasthan trailing third and fourth with 9.5% and 8.6% of total crimes.
The four states are home to 40% of India's crimes against its women.
Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra reported the highest number of rapes with 12.7% and 12.0% of the total number of rapes in India. Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh come close with a 10.5% and 8.7%.
Total incidences of rape are at a staggering 34,651 reported out of 34,771 victims.
95.5% of the rape victims were known to the offenders, declares NCRB.
Delhi's legacy as rape capital continues
Delhi, although smaller in an absolute number of incidents, continues to be the crime capital with the highest crime rate of 23.7 per 1,00,000 women raped during 2015.
Of 2,210 victims in Delhi only 2,199 reported the rape. The city reported 1,813 rapes in 2014, an up from the 1,441 reported in 2013.
Delhi also has highest crime rate of assault on women: 57.8 for 1,00,000 population with 5,367 reported cases.
According to its comparatively small female population compared to other large states, Delhi has one of the highest crime rates per one lakh women in several categories such as assault or use of criminal force on women with, intent to disrobe: 5.9, voyeurism: 0.7, stalking12.1, etc.
Low convictions and other categories worth knowing
India still has a rather disappointing conviction rate. Men in custody for rape during the stage of the trial at the beginning of the year was 49,153. The number of men on bail during the stage of trail at beginning of year was 92,364 while 7,137 persons were finally being acquitted.
Gang rapes too are on the rise. The highest number of gang rapes 458 cases were reported in Madhya Pradesh and 411 in Rajasthan in 2015 alone.
West Bengal holds the highest attempt to commit rape at 1,551 over a third of all India's 4,384 reported cases.
There are also other categories such as kidnapping & abduction of women to compel her for marriage. UP tops this category with 8,290 reported cases followed by Bihar with 4,444 reported cases
Maharashtra has the highest number of "assaults on a woman with intent to outrage her modesty" with 11.713 cases reported last year with MP and UP following close behind.
Human trafficking increases quarter fold
The NCRB reports an increase of 25.8% under crimes against human trafficking. There were totally 6,877 cases reported in 2015 compared to 5,466 cases in 2014.
The states which together form over 56% of India's trafficking are:
- Assam - 21.7%
- West Bengal - 18.2%
- Tamil Nadu - 8.4%
- Telangana - 8.2%
Rishikant, an activist with Delhi-based Shaktivahini, an NGO that works on human trafficking tells Catch that natural disasters act as the biggest trigger for trafficking,
"West Bengal has been hugely a trafficking hub for a long time since Aila hit the shores. North and South 24 Parganas and Jalpaiguri are where tribal and Muslim girls are trafficked in hordes for forced marriages or prostitution. In Assam the recurrent floods and natural disasters are the key reasons why women are forced into poverty and become vulnerable prey to trafficking."
Rishikant believes that West Bengal has off late started policing better and improving its recovery rates phenomenally.
"Although recovery rates are better, the police needs better investigation to nab the traffickers and not just rescue women," he says.
"Law enforcement should be better. Evidence collected is too weak. Victims are too scared to recount their horrors in front on an insensitive judiciary. Systematic failures protect traffickers. Until these change the situation is only set to worsen," he adds.
Edited by Jhinuk Sen