The Bharartiya Janata Party made history by sweeping Uttar Pradesh Assembly Election 2017 by a vast majority of votes. Soon after the Akhilesh Yadav government lost power, question arose regarding the appointment of the new Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
It was speculated that Ghazipur MP Manoj Sinha would be appointed as the CM, but on 18 March, Saturday, Sinha clarified that he isn't running for the same. Later that day, after wait Yogi Adityanath was appointed as the Chief Minister.
Reacting to the appointment, Amnesty International India, in a press release on 20 March said, that the new Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Yogi Adityanath, must publicly withdraw his previous inflammatory statements against Muslims and other religious minorities.
Excerpts from the release:
“Adityanath has been one of Uttar Pradesh’s most polarizing politicians, given to hateful rhetoric that incites discrimination and hostility against minority groups, particularly Muslims,” said Aakar Patel, Executive Director, Amnesty International India.
“As chief minister of India’s most populous state, he and his party have an obligation to ensure that his positions do not become government policy. It is therefore imperative that he retracts any statements which may provide a license for others to abuse human rights.”
Adityanath has called for India to become a Hindu state. He has also made polarizing statements claiming ‘love jihad’ – an alleged conspiracy by Muslim men to seduce Hindu women and convert them to Islam. He faces criminal charges in multiple cases, including attempt to murder, criminal intimidation, rioting, promoting enmity between different groups, and defiling a place of worship. In 2007, he was detained for 15 days for allegedly inciting riots in Gorakhpur.
In 2014, Adityanath was reprimanded by the Election Commission of India for an election speech. The previous year, over 60 people, mostly Muslims, had been killed in riots in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh. The Commission said his speech “had the effect of provoking feelings of enmity or hatred” and “aggravating the existing differences or create mutual hatred or cause tension between different castes and communities.”
In 2016, Adityanath said that the family of a Muslim man in Dadri, Uttar Pradesh who had been lynched for allegedly consuming beef should face criminal charges. The same year, he said that incidents of ‘Christianization’ had led to separatist movements in north-east India. In 2015, he said that if he was given the chance, he would install idols of Hindu gods in every mosque. In an undated video uploaded in August 2014, he said, “If [Muslims] take one Hindu girl, we’ll take 100 Muslim girls. If they kill one Hindu, we’ll kill 100 Muslims.”
Adityanath is also the founder of the Hindu Yuva Vahini, an organization that has often been accused of instigating communal tension. The organization has been implicated in several incidents of communal violence.
“Adityanath’s toxic ideas must not become part of his governance. By demonizing Muslims, he has increased religious divisions and put ordinary people at risk of discrimination, hostility and violence. As the head of the Uttar Pradesh government, he must disown his poisonous statements, and ensure that his administration respects the rights of people of all faiths,” said Aakar Patel.