The government on Thursday announced a cut in contributions made by employers and employees towards social security and health insurance scheme Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) to 4 per cent from 6.5 per cent.
The move would lead to an estimated annual savings of around Rs. 5,000 crore for firms. The reduced rates will take effect from July 1, 2019, the Ministry of Labour said in a release. It would benefit 3.6 crore employees and 12.85 lakh employers.
"The government has taken a historic decision to reduce the rate of contribution under the Employees' State Insurance Act from 6.5 per cent to 4 per cent (with employers' contribution reduced to 3.25 per cent from 4.75 per cent, and employees' reduced to 0.75 per cent from 1.75 per cent)," the ministry said.
As many as 12.85 lakh employers and 3.6 crore employees contributed Rs. 22,279 crore towards the Employees' State Insurance (ESI) scheme in 2018-19.
Back-of-the-envelope calculations suggest that reduction in the contribution rate for employers would results in annual savings of over Rs. 5,000 crore to these firms.
The ministry said that the reduced rate of contribution will bring about a substantial relief to workers and facilitate further enrolment of workers under the Employees' State Insurance (ESIC) scheme and bring more and more workforce into the formal sector.
Similarly, reduction in the share of contribution of employers will reduce the financial liability of the establishments leading to improved viability of these establishments. This shall also lead to enhanced Ease of Doing Business.
It is also expected that reduction in rate of ESI contribution shall lead to improved compliance of law. The Employees' State Insurance Act 1948 (the ESI Act) provides for medical, cash, maternity, disability and dependent benefits to the insured persons under the Act.
The ESI Act is administered by Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC). Benefits provided under the ESI Act are funded by the contributions made by the employers and the employees.
Under the ESI Act, employers and employees both contribute their shares respectively. The Government of India through the Ministry of Labour and Employment decides the rate of contribution under the ESI Act.
The government in its pursuit of expanding the social security coverage to more and more people started a programme of special registration of employers and employees from December 2016 to June 2017, and also decided to extend the coverage of the scheme to all the districts in the country in a phased manner.
The wage ceiling of coverage was enhanced from Rs. 15,000 per month to Rs. 21,000 from January 1, 2017.